The competitiveness of the world has been improved, the export of textile machinery has been continuously improved, and the upgrading of the industrial structure of textile machinery is urgent
Textile machinery is used in various stages of textile processing technology, chemical fiber or synthetic fiber production and processing into textile products required for all kinds of industrial equipment.Textile machinery can be divided into six categories: textile machinery and equipment, weaving machinery, knitting machinery, printing and dyeing machinery and equipment, chemical fiber machinery and non-woven machinery and equipment.
The classification chart of textile machinery is as follows:
Source of materials: review of published materials
Textile machinery is the key to complete the structural adjustment, transformation and upgrading of China's cotton textile industry, and it is the main industry supported and encouraged by China.Cotton textile is a key component of China's social and economic leading industry, key livelihood engineering industry chain, industry chain with outstanding core competitiveness and strategic high-tech industry.Textile machinery has a significant effect on productivity, energy saving and emission reduction.The progress of textile industry promotes the development trend of China's textile machinery industry, and the improvement of technology and production efficiency of textile machinery industry also promotes the development trend of China's textile industry.
From the perspective of world standards, the development and manufacture of textile machinery are mainly concentrated in Europe and Asia.The level of textile machinery in Europe has been at the leading level, with France, Spain, the Netherlands, France and other countries as the leading.China, such as Japan, China, Indonesia and South Korea, are the main sales markets in Asia. Among them, Japan's textile machinery level is relatively leading, but China also has a more critical influence in the production and marketing of textile machinery in the world.The development trend of textile machinery industry is relatively perfect, and the market competition is relatively sufficient. The market demand shows that well-known enterprises promote the development of the industry, and many small and medium-sized enterprises coexist.
China is the world's textile trade production and export country.Textile industry is the leading industry of China's social economy and the key industrial chain of livelihood engineering. It plays a key role in the fields of booming the market, expanding exports, absorbing students' employment, improving farmers' income, and promoting the process of urbanization.In 2018, except for cotton textile and deep processing industry of printing and dyeing factory, the production and manufacturing of other key sub industries maintained a good trend of improvement. The total industrial output value of chemical fiber industry increased by 7.6% year-on-year. The total industrial output value of clothing, home textile and industrial chain textile products increased by 4.4%, 3.7% and 8.6% respectively over the same period, and the total industrial output value of textile machinery industry increased by 9.5% year-on-year.
A part of China's cotton textile output data chart from 2011 to 2018
Source: China Bureau of Statistics
According to the data of China Bureau of statistics, in 2018, enterprises and companies above Designated Size in the clothing industry produced 22.274 billion pieces of clothing, a year-on-year decrease of 3.37%, a decrease of 0.75 points compared with the same period of last year, and a decrease of 4.13 points compared with January July.Among them, 11.157 billion pieces of woven fabrics and clothing, a year-on-year decrease of 3.10%;The number of knitted sweaters was 11.117 billion, with a year-on-year decrease of 3.62%.The output of down garments, suits and shirts decreased by 5.40%, 2.39% and 8.20% respectively compared with the same period of last year.
Clothing production of Enterprises above Designated Size in China from 2007 to 2018
Source: China Bureau of Statistics
In 2018, the sales market inside and outside China's textile industry developed steadily and steadily, and the relationship between supply and demand improved significantly. In 2018, the main business income of Enterprises above Designated Size in China's textile industry reached 5370.35 billion yuan, an increase of 2.90% over the previous year;A total of 276.614 billion yuan of assets were completed, an increase of 8.02% over the previous year.
Main business income of Enterprises above Designated Size in China's textile industry from 2014 to 2018
Materials from: China Bureau of statistics, intelligence research consulting
Since 2018, the textile machinery industry has vigorously carried out industrial structure upgrading, and has made different progress in many aspects, such as new high efficiency, energy saving, flexible production, automation technology, intelligent, intelligent system, etc. the technical innovation and industrial structure adjustment support the continuous growth of the industry, and the overall operation quality is excellent, but the growth rate of the industry operation is slowing down.
In 2018, the main business income of textile machinery industry was RMB 911.69 billion, with a year-on-year increase of 8.82%, and the growth rate decreased by 0.8 points compared with the same period of last year, and the growth rate decreased in some cases;The total assets were 101.79 billion yuan, an increase of 6.55% over the same period of previous years, and the growth rate was 3.93 points lower than that of the same period of previous years.
Main business income of Enterprises above Designated Size in China's textile machinery industry from 2012 to 2018
Materials from: Textile Machinery Industry Association, intelligent research consulting carding
In 2016, the total fixed capital investment of textile machinery industry was 29.92 billion yuan, an increase of 10.47% over the same period of last year, an increase of 10.43 points over the previous year;In 2017, the textile machinery industry invested 26.43 billion yuan in fixed assets projects, a year-on-year decrease of 11.76%.In the environment of overall decline of large industries and division of industries, it is estimated that investment in fixed assets projects of textile machinery industry will also decrease sharply in 2018.
Investment status of fixed assets projects in textile machinery industry from 2012 to 2017
Materials from: Textile Machinery Industry Association, intelligent research consulting carding
In recent years, the total value of China's textile machinery import and export has remained relatively stable, and has become a small increase in the development trend.According to customs statistics, the total import and export amount of textile machinery in China in 2018 was 7.387 billion US dollars, an increase of 6.78% compared with the previous year.Among them, the import of textile machinery was 3.721 billion US dollars, an increase of 6.36% over the previous year;The export volume was 3.66 billion US dollars, 7.20% higher than that of previous years.The growth rate of exports exceeded that of imports.
On the whole, from 2009 to 2018, the total number of textile machinery imports in China showed a downward trend. In 2017 and 2018, some of them recovered, while the total exports gradually increased, and the growth rate was relatively fast.In 2015, China's textile machinery export quota exceeded the import quota, with a surplus of 139 million yuan for the first time in the industry.
Statistical analysis of China's textile machinery import and export in 2012-2018
Materials from: China Customs, intellectual research consulting
This is mainly because the technical strength of local textile machinery continues to improve, which is in line with overseas high-end textile machinery, which fills the demand of China's sales market, and the local supply capacity gradually replaces the requirements of overseas textile machinery sales market.After a small decline in 2015 and 2016, the export quota of textile machinery reached a new record in 2017 and 2018.At present, China has already become a large-scale textile machinery processing and manufacturing industry in China, with the largest number of production and product varieties. Through years of accumulation, China's textile machinery industry has gradually become a global first-class company.
From the structure of import and export, Japan, France, Spain, China, Taiwan and Denmark are the leading countries and regions in China's textile machinery import, and these countries account for 81.63% of China's total import value of textile machinery.
At the export level, with the acceleration of cotton textile industry agglomeration, Southeast Asia, East Asia, Africa and other market requirements increased, textile machinery industry exports reached a new record in history, the innovation and quality improvement of China's textile machinery products greatly enhanced the competitiveness of the textile machinery industry.At present, China's key exports of textile machinery to Indonesia, Vietnam, Bangladesh, Indonesia and other Southeast Asian regions, along with the continuous promotion of the belt and road, China's export along the belt and road has also increased sharply.In 2018, China's export volume of textile machinery to Turkey increased by 62.54% year-on-year, and the export proportion to Turkey increased to 4.81%, only second to Indonesia.
Because the textile machinery industry is related to the aspect ratio of the textile industry, the rapid development of the world textile industry chain has a strong driving force for the textile machinery industry.From the time experience of capitalist countries and the whole world, with the increase of per capita income, the requirements of textile industry will gradually increase. The per capita consumption level of chemical fiber is the primary driving force of textile industry. From 1970 to 2015, the average annual consumption of chemical fiber per capita increased from 7.5 kg to 13.3 kg,It is estimated that the average annual chemical fiber consumption in 2050 will reach about 26.9kg.The per capita consumption requirement of chemical fiber is the requirement of household for clothing, and food, clothing, housing and transportation are also the main requirements of people. Generally speaking, with the increase of per capita income, the textile industry requires a long-term steady development.
With the warming of China's economic development, the recovery of global economy and the continued prevalence of textile industry in Southeast Asia and other countries, China's textile industry has entered a new round of structural transformation period under the effect of industrial structure upgrading, reform and innovation, and economic development downward risk.
From the perspective of China's sales market, the situation has not been fully improved due to the increasing downward pressure on China's economic situation. However, in China's overall stable macroeconomic policy, natural environment and constantly upgraded foreign demand sales market will still give the basic driving force for the reform and innovation of textile trade industry.
At the same time, due to the increase of China's per capita income, the trend of consumption concept upgrading continues to highlight, the demand for clothing from customers is gradually becoming more and more humanized. Small batch production and multi batch orders of clothing are gradually increased, and the income area of traditional export trade is further extruded. In China, cotton textile and textile machinery companies are good at using large-scale production and manufacturing,Then the core competitiveness of scale effect is further weakened, and the advantages of textile machinery and equipment are facing challenges.
With the further pursuit of humanization and fashion trend in the textile industry, on the basis of improving the quality and stability of equipment manufacturing, the sustainable and intelligent system has long been the new trend of the future development of textile machinery and equipment. In the future, with the integration of humanization, the requirements of flexible production and its intelligent system manufacturing of textile machinery may gradually increase.
Although the overall technology of textile industry at this stage is still relatively backward, a lot of leading technology and machinery and equipment have been in the product development process.Recently, the trend of "intelligent manufacturing" in textile industry has replaced the traditional manual operation with equipment, which further improves the intelligent level and productivity of production and processing.According to the survey, at this stage, the intelligent rate of production equipment in China's textile industry is 36.06%, and the connection network rate of machinery and equipment is 27.74%. It has already had a good information management foundation. At the same time, China's ICT technologies such as Internet of things technology, 5g, cloud computing technology are in the world's matrix,The upgrading and transformation of China's textile machinery industry chain is driven by industrial chain cooperation.
From the perspective of foreign markets, Southeast Asia and the development trend along the belt and road, China's textile industry continues to improve, especially in Southeast Asia. To a large extent, Southeast Asia has the aging population of China in the early stage of China's reform and opening up, low cost, good situation layout and good relativity of economic environment
Textile machinery China promotion will focus on the new production capacity generated by China's textile industry agglomeration and the update and transformation of its current production capacity. In addition, with the acceleration of textile industry agglomeration in the world and the harm of textile machinery companies actively exploring overseas markets, the export of textile machinery industry is expected to maintain an increasing trend.
On the whole, China's textile machinery industry will encounter more challenges in 2019, the pace of industrial structure adjustment and industrial structure upgrading of textile machinery industry will accelerate again, and the overall operation of the industry will still slow down and enter a new stage of adjustment.Textile machinery companies should integrate into the requirements of the transformation and development of the textile industry, actively adjust the product structure, operate steadily to solve the ups and downs of the sales market, and once again start from the fields of intelligent system, efficiency improvement and cost reduction, low-carbon and environmental protection, so as to promote the technical innovation of textile weapons and equipment, and promote the industry to complete high-quality development.
The textile machinery industry will slow down the expansion rate of business scale, and the main business income will increase on a relatively stable basis;However, with the improvement of science and technology content and the increase of independent innovation, the market share and export quota of textile weapons and equipment may increase.